Mayumi

Wednesday, October 06, 2004

First Draft

Abstract
This paper is about cement plant in Missouri. It is said that this cement plant is connected with environmental problems. So this paper argues that what the cement plant are, how this influences to the environment and what are the solution of it are. To solve this problem, we need to use technology or not.

When I arrived at the airport in St. Louis my friends picked me up. The first time I saw the Mississippi River, I said to my friends that I like this kind of river. However, they told me that the Mississippi River has serious problems. And I was very shocked that Mississippi river is very dirty. It is known as the one of the longest river. I was surprised and I became interested in the cause of that. I had an opportunity to read about the cement plant during writing class. In that article, this cement plant will carry more air and water pollution to Mississippi river. Then I also found that Missouri has a serious unemployment problems and it is the one of the reasons that Missouri has a cement plant. This environmental problem is related on unemployment problems and I am very interested in it.

First of all, I will explain about cement plant briefly. Holcim Inc., a Swiss based company, has a plan to build the one of the largest cement plan on Mississippi river in Ste. Genevieve County. It is 40 miles south to St. Louis. According to Sara Shipley “cement plant gets air permit”, this cement plant was permitted and the company will be do this on Mississippi river (Shipley, 2004). This cement plant is said that it will carry economic growth to Missouri but also they will carry serious environmental problems. There are many arguments and problems over this cement plant from many points of view. In this paper, I focus on the point of the company, the environmentalist and environmental group’s points of view.

So, what are the merits of this cement plant? First, I want to explain about the advantages of this plant. This cement plant will bring 200 full time jobs and 1000 construction jobs. Missouri has a serious unemployment problem and this cement plant is supposed to be a helpful to solve unemployment problems. Also, Missouri accepted the final construction that allowed a $600 million cement plant (Cement plant plan advances, 2004). They are going to be great impact to economic and business of Missouri. Missouri strongly feels the possibilities on it.

However, there are many factors that related to the environmental problems by this cement plant. To build a cement plant means leads the destroying the environment. Missouri state and the company have heated arguments over this cement plant about environmental problems. It is considered that there might be water and air pollution (Shipley, 2004; State issues draft clean-air permit to cement plan, 2004; Cement plant plan advances; Inskeep, 2004). There are many aspects and points of view that these environmental problems are whether serious or not. According to the Columbia Daily Tribune on “cement plant plan advances”, some environmentalists said that it would emit thousands of tons of pollution (Cement plant plan advances, 2004). There are three environmental problems that we should consider and solve.

First, it is water pollution. What is water pollution and what kind of solutions do we have by the cement plant? Nancy Tully, the Holcin Inc. Spokesperson said that this plant would be decided in Ste. Genevieve County because of a great limestone (Inskeep, 2004). Ste. Genevieve is built in rock, limestone. Cement is also contained a lot of limestone. Limestone plays an important role to treat and neutralize water. So, the company said that they think Ste. Genevieve County is value place where is the good quality of limestone. The company wants to use the role of the limestone in Ste. Genevieve to solve the environmental problem, especially, water pollution. According to the commissioner Albert Fults, Ste. Genevieve County, “A lot of lime that comes out of here goes actually to water treatment plants” (Inskeep, 2004, p1). Moreover, there is another support that the company chooses Ste. Genevieve to build the cement plant. It is estimated that barges is going to carry four millions tons of cement produced every year in the river. The place where the limestone will be built is an old limestone quarry. I wonder that the limestone works well or not. However, it is a kind of key to persuade the Missouri department and environmental groups over this cement plant.

Second, it is about the forests. I cannot see the connection between this cement plant and degradation of forests. However, according to the National public radio, Holcim Inc. is creating over 60 acres of wetlands to build the cement plant (Inskeep, 2004). Among them, 14 acres is going to be taken to make a harbor. It means many forests will be cut down. 2,200 acres of all 3,900 acres will be kept as conservation area. However, environmentalists do not satisfy this fact. They think the fear of dredging and widening of Mississippi is very serious. So, they made a long list that is considered to be bad problems over this cement plant and also they need the special solution on it. The question is if these forest problems happen, what influence to human beings and the earth? Degrading of forests damage many animal species and animals (Miller, 1994). That means it damages the species diversity, genetic diversity and ecosystem diversity.

Third, the biggest problem is air pollution. It is the easiest problem to understand the influence of them all. Environmentalist said that it would cause more than double the ozone pollution in Ste. Genevieve County (State issues draft clean-air permit to cement plant). That is why it takes five years to accept this controversial plant. Next, I will explain about Nitrogen Oxide. Nitrogen Oxide is one of the causes of air pollution. It is also known as greenhouse gases (Miller, 1994). It can determine the earth temperature and climates called greenhouse effects. The biggest problem of this is to degrade the ozone layers. However, why the air pollution and degradation of ozone are paid attention so much? Because ozone layers are important as the global sunscreen. In other wards, ozone layer protects our health from 99 percent of sun’s UV radiation which is reaching the earth surface. There are two views regarding the ozone layer. One is natural and other is man made. In this cement plant case, it is man made. If there is no ozone layer, the earth would be too cold to live for human beings. Nitrogen Oxide is also known as secondary pollutants. All of this produced by combination of fossil fuels. Above all things, environmentalists and environmental groups have heated arguments to solve air pollution. According to Leanne Tippet, who is a director of a clean-air program, it is not that harmful to St. Louis (State issues draft clean-air permit to cement plant, 2004). Carla Kelin, who is the director of the Ozark chapter of Sierra club, said “we’ve been concerned about the entire facility from the start” (Cement plant plan advances, 2004).

However, to solve these air pollutions, Missouri department made efforts to be strict of the emissions of nitrogen oxide (Shipley, 2004). Holcim Inc. tried to solve this problem using upgraded technology, however, it is expensive but “selective catalytic reduction could remove 80 to 90 percent of nitrogen oxide emissions” (Shipley, 2004). They can save about 26,000 tons of pollutants and 8,000 tons which is from ozone. However, Missouri department think that it was not feasible and they decided to strict the limitation of the emission of nitrogen oxide.

This cement plant will carry both good and bad things. Instead of taking a lot of jobs, it also brings the environmental problems. This plant is rally large facility. It is the second largest Nitrogen Oxide source in the last 20 years. Also, St. Louis had terrible ozone problems throughout the region. So, St. Louis is considered that it is already over the limitation. They have heated arguments and quarrel for a long time to solve the ozone problems. According to the National Public Radio, the company is asked about why it is easier to get off. Ozone problems are in not only St. Louis but also Chicago and any other place. “The environmental Protection Agency told Missouri that if it doesn’t tighten restrictions on the Holcim plant, it shouldn’t issue a final permit before getting approval from the governor of the state that’s directly downwind—Illinois” (Inskeep, 2004, p3).

I feel that it should take much time to solve the environmental problems. That is because it is too late when something bad happens to the environment. This cement plant will bring many jobs that will save Missouri from the depression; however, we should not forget it may also bring serious environmental problems in the future. And I wonder that Holcim inc. thinks this cement plant will lead to serious environmental problems or not. If this company does not notice this affect on the environment, I think that these problems will never be solved clearly. It is natural that the company says that there is not much harmful. Because, they want to successfully build this cement plant in Ste. Genevieve. So, what is the most important thing is to know the fact and find the key not to pollute air as much as possible. Not only the environmental groups but also the company needs to make a list related to environmental problems that will occur. And the company and Missouri government need to decide what is the most important thing. In other words, they should make the order of priority to solve the environmental problems.

Finally, after I researched, I found that to solve these environmental problems over this cement plant is very difficult. That is because this cement plant is one of the largest one in the world. They can consider every situation that might occur. However, in my opinion, Missouri has a right to control the emission of nitrogen oxide. For the first time, I think that the up graded technology is helpful and useful to solve this problem. However, it is too expensive and I think that technology might be cause of environmental problems in the future. So, the best solution is to be strict about the permission of the emission of nitrogen dioxide and Missouri department has to have an great environmental groups who can support and solve the cement plant. Moreover, not only Missouri department but also citizens need to know this fact that is related on environmental problems. That is because, if something bad happen in the future, the biggest victim is people especially who live in St. Louis. There are not best solutions to solve environmental problems. However, there is a better solution that is to reduce the damage of the environmental problems.


Reference:

Cement plan plant advances. (2004, June 9). Columbia Daily Tribune. Retrieved Sept 2. 2004 from http://www.showmenews.com/2004/jun/20040609Busi008.asp

Inskeep, S. (2004, May 13). Environmental groups in Missouri attemping to block construction of cement plant from National Public Radio. Retrieved Sept. 25. 2004 from LexisNexis

Klaas Pangman, J. Guide to Environmental Issues. (1995, Apr. 25). Office of Solid Waste and Emergence Response.

Miller, G. (1994) Environment; Problems and solutions.

Train, R. (1974, Jan). Cement manufacturing. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

Shipley, S. (2004. June 9). Cement plant gets air permit. St. Louis Post Dispatch. P-A01. Retrieved. Aug. 25, 2004 from LexisNexis

State issues draft clean-air permit to cement plant. (2004, Jan 25). Columbia Daily Tribune. Retrieved Aug-30, 2004 from http://www.shoemenews.com/2004/jan/20040125NEWS069.asp

argument essay

When I arrived at the airport in St. Louis my friends picked me up. The first time I saw the Mississippi River, I said to my friends that I like this kind of river. However, they told me that the Mississippi River has serious problems. I was surprised and I became interested in the cause of that. I had an opportunity to read about cement plant during writing class. Then I found that Missouri has a serous unemployment problems and it is the one of the reasons that Missouri has serious unemployment problems and it is the one of the reasons that Missouri has a cement plant. This cement plant would bring 200 full-time jobs and 1000 construction jobs. There are several environmental problems. However, Missouri thought that this cement plant makes Missouri business much better. They feel the possibilities of it are more important than environmental problems. However, according to the environmental groups, air pollution is supposed to lead much more problems than they thought. They had heated arguments with government and the company. The government changed the state law so that they can build the cement plant. The company was required to have strict limitation. There are many points of view about whether it will degrade the environment or not. And the company said that they can solve that problem using technology. Moreover, it is also said that this cement plant caused more than double the ozone pollution in Ste Genevieve country.

I think that the most important thing about this plant is that Missouri should have strong environmentalists and they should do their best to solve this question. It is clear that this cement plant can bring both good things like jobs and bad things like pollution. And this air pollution affects not only the St. Louis but also many counties. I want to focus on the effects to the air pollution though the cement plant. I think that this cement plant should be required to use upgraded technology. That is because there is no better way to do except to use technology. Also Missouri has serious unemployment problems. That is why they do not refuse this project. But I wonder upgraded technology is possible to solve the environmental problems. I want to research more about the reason of this cement plant and specific figure that this cement plant might affects to the environment and humanÅfs body. Moreover, I think we need not only upgrade technology but also strict limitation. I mainly focus on the environmental problem and the best way to solve this question.

It is very difficult to solve this completely. However, to research about past records about cement plant in German is the key to solve the question.

Reference:
Cement plan plant advances. (2004, June 9). Columbia Daily Tribune. Retrieved Sept 2. 2004 from http://www.showmenews.com/2004/jun/20040609Busi008.asp
Julie Klaas Pangman. Guide to Environmental Issues.(Apr, 22, 1995). Office of Solid Waste and Emergence Response.
Russell E. Train. (1974 Jan). Cement manufacturing. U.S. environmental protection agency.
Shipley, S. (2004. June 9). Cement plant gets air permit. St. Louis Post Dispatch. P-A01. Retrieved. Aug. 25, 2004 from LexisNexis
State issues draft clean-air permit to cement plant. (2004, Jan 25). Columbia Daily Tribune. Retrieved Aug-30, 2004 from http://www.shoemenews.com/2004/jan/20040125NEWS069.asp


research proposal

When I arrived at the airport in St. Louis my friends picked me up. The first time I saw the Mississippi River, I said to my friends that I like this kind of river. However, they told me that the Mississippi River has serious problems. I was surprised and I became interested in the cause of that. Then I had an opportunity to read about a cement plant during writing class. Then I found that Missouri has a serous unemployment problems and it is the one of the reasons that Missouri is going to have a cement plant. This cement plant would bring 200 full-time jobs and 1000 construction jobs (Shipley, 2004). There are several environmental problems. However, Missouri thought that this cement plant would make Missouri business much better. They feel the possibilities of it are more important than environmental problems. However, according to the environmental groups, air pollution is supposed to lead to much more problems than they thought. They had heated arguments with government and the company. The company was required to have strict limitation. There are many points of view about whether it would degrade the environment or not. And the company said that they can solve that problem using technology. Moreover, it is also said that this cement plant would cause more than double the ozone pollution in Ste. Genevieve county.
I think that the most important thing about this plant is that Missouri should have strong environmentalists and they should do their best to solve this question. It is clear that this cement plant can bring both good things like jobs and bad things like pollution. And this air pollution affects not only St. Louis but also many counties. I want to focus on the effects on the air pollution of the cement plant. I think that this cement plant should be required to use upgraded technology. That is because there is no better way to do except to use technology. Missouri has serious unemployment problems. I want to research more about the reason of this cement plant and specific figure that this cement plant might affects to the environment. Moreover, I think we need not only upgrade technology but also strict limitation. I mainly focus on the environmental problem and the best way to solve this question.
It is very difficult to solve this completely. However, to research about past records about cement plants in Germany is the key to solve the question.

Reference:
Cement plan plant advances. (2004, June 9). Columbia Daily Tribune. Retrieved Sept 2. 2004 from http://www.showmenews.com/2004/jun/20040609Busi008.asp
. Guide to Environmental Issues.(Apr, 22, 1995). Office of Solid Waste and Emergence Response.
Russell E. Train. (1974 Jan). Cement manufacturing. U.S. environmental protection agency.
Shipley, S. (2004. June 9). Cement plant gets air permit. St. Louis Post Dispatch. P-A01. Retrieved. Aug. 25, 2004 from LexisNexis
State issues draft clean-air permit to cement plant. (2004, Jan 25). Columbia Daily Tribune. Retrieved Aug-30, 2004 from http://www.shoemenews.com/2004/jan/20040125NEWS069.asp

cement olant olan advances

According to the Columbia Daily Tribune, Missouri accepted the final construction that allowed a $600 million cement plant. Holcim Inc. wants to make the cement plan in northern Ste. Genevieve county. However, the worries of air pollution made Missouri not move forward immediately. So the company has an environmental group saving them in court. According to them, the cement plant would lead to air pollution. However, Carla Klein, who is the director of the Ozark chapter of Sierra Club, said “we’ve been concerned about the entire facility from the start” (Cement plant plan advances. 2004). There are four groups in court. And they had two more other arguments about pollution. It is said that this cement plant will help the Missouri economy and bring jobs, and Holcim spokes woman, Nancy Tully, says that this cement plant is environmentally efficient. She is looking forward to it. Some environmentalist said that it would add to ozone problems. Missouri asked the company to try everything they can do.
Until I read this article, I only had read a newspaper in which it explained the demerits of the cement plant mainly. However, this article shows us that the good points are. Holcim Inc., the Swiss company, said that they suggest $600 million for this cement plant. I was very surprised about this article. However, it means that the company feels that there are strong possibilities for it. They are in litigation in environmental groups about this project. Some environmentalist said that it is a serious problem to add to ozone problems.
However, this plant would bring $600 million and many jobs. It must boost the economy in Missouri. Moreover, Tully said that the company has tackled many environmental problems and they have a plant that is an environmentally efficient plant.
Moreover, Missouri is trying t do everything that is supposed to have the possibilities to solve the environmental problems. Holcim has four groups that are for solving environmental problems. I think both the company and Missouri department will do their best to solve it.

Reference:
Cement plant plan advances. (2004, June 9). Columbia Daily Tribune. Retrieved Sept 2, 2004 from http://www.shomenews.com /2004/Jun/20040609Busi008.asp

Tuesday, September 21, 2004

State issues draft clean-air permit to cement plan

In this article, Missouri state gave to the Holic inc. a draft that is about clean-air about their cement plant. This company wants to build a cement plant in Ste. Genevieve country, which is near St. Louis , but the environmentalists warned about air pollution through doing this. According to Leanne Tippet, who is a director of a clean-air program, it is not that harmful to St. Louis. Missouri wants to limit the emissions of nitrogen oxide that is a cause of ozone pollution. Moreover, environmental groups said that they need to prepare for it more. The company needs to consider again and change the document in 10 days. It is also said that cement plant caused more than double the ozone pollution in Ste. Genevieve Country. Environmental groups required the company to find the useful way to solve these environmental problems.
After I read this article, I wonder whether Holic Inc., which is a Swiss company, thinks that this cement plant will lead to serious environmental problems or not. If this company does not notice this affect on the environment, I think that these problems will not be solved clearly. It is natural that the company says that there is not much harm. That is because they want to successfully to build this cement plant in Ste. Genevieve. So, what is the most important thing is to know this fact and find the key not to pollute air as much as possible.
First, citizens need to know the facts. Not the Swiss company, but the citizens who live near St. Louis and other places have trouble when some environmental problems occur. That is why they should rise up and demand that the company solve this question.
To solve this problem, the company said that technology is useful. They can save 26,000 tons of pollutants and 8,000 tons which is from ozone. However, Missouri said that this technology is impossible. So that company needs to find another way to solve these problems.
I feel that it should take much time to solve this environmental problem. That
is because it is too late when something bad happens to the environment. This cement plant will bring many jobs that will save Missouri from depression, however, we should not forget it may also bring serious environmental problem in the future. It is impossible the company will create nor air pollution. But, they should prevent is as much as possible.

Reference
State issues draft clean-air permit to cement plant. (2004, January 25). Columbia Daily Tribune. Retrieved Aug-30, 2004 from http://www.showmenews.com/2004/jan/20040125News069.asp

Thursday, September 16, 2004

poem

Poem about SIU at Carbondale

When I came to here for the first time, I felt very Carbondale.
What kind of place is Carbondale for me?

Even though, it is so countryside,
It takes about 2 hours to go to St. Louis
it is not convenient to go to wall mart on foot,
all time I want to go shopping, I need bicycle,
There is not so much place to have fun,
food at the cafeteria is not good,
I feel scary when I walk in front of the Morris library at mid-night,

I like SIU at Carbondale
That is because…

I can see many stars,
There is beautiful and wonderful campus lake,
It is full of nature,
Great environments to study

The most favorite thing is SALUKI
I have never feel such excited things until I watched the foot ball game!

outline

Thesis: what is the best way to build cement plan? What the problems we need to solve?


1 Introduction
A. Background information
1. What is cement plan?
a. What is the cement plan for?
b. Why did Missouri want to accept it
B. Problems on cement plan
1. What is the effect of it
a. Air pollution

2. Solution
a. limitation
b. upgraded technology



3. Thesis: Both Missouri government and company should do the best to solve the environmental problems. It means they should have a strict limitation of using resources and make state law of that. To do this, they need upgrade technology.



4. Main Arguments
A. Pollution
1. environmentalist points of view
2. economist points of view
3. company points of view
B. Solution
1. Limitation
2. Technology
3. What the government can do


5. Conclusion
A. The good influence to Missouri
B. Strict limitation and upgrade technology can solve the problem

Cement Plant in St. Louis

When I arrived at the airport in St. Louis my friends picked me up. The first time I saw the Mississippi River, I said to my friends that I like this kind of river. However, they told me that the Mississippi River has serious problems. I was surprised and I became interested in the cause of that. Then I had an opportunity to read about cement plant during writing class. Then I found that Missouri has a serous unemployment problems and it is the one of the reasons that Missouri has serious unemployment problems and it is the one of the reasons that Missouri has a cement plant. This cement plant would bring 200 full-time jobs and 1000 construction jobs. There are several environmental problems. However, Missouri thought that this cement plant makes Missouri business much better. They feel the possibilities of it are more important than environmental problems. However, according to the environmental groups, air pollution is supposed to lead much more problems than they thought. They had heated arguments with government and the company. The government changed the state law so that they can build the cement plant. The company was required to have strict limitation. There are many points of view about whether it will degrade the environment or not. And the company said that they can solve that problem using technology. Moreover, it is also said that this cement plant caused more than double the ozone pollution in Ste Genevieve country.

I think that the most important thing about this plant is that Missouri should have strong environmentalists and they should do their best to solve this question. It is clear that this cement plant can bring both good things like jobs and bad things like pollution. And this air pollution affects not only the St. Louis but also many counties. I want to focus on the effects to the air pollution though the cement plant. I think that this cement plant should be required to use upgraded technology. That is because there is no better way to do except to use technology. Missouri has serious unemployment problems. I want to research more about the reason of this cement plant and specific figure that this cement plant might affects to the environment. Moreover, I think we need not only upgrade technology but also strict limitation. I mainly focus on the environmental problem and the best way to solve this question.

It is very difficult to solve this completely. However, to research about past records about cement plant in German is the key to solve the question.

Reference:
Cement plan plant advances. (2004, June 9). Columbia Daily Tribune. Retrieved Sept 2. 2004 from http://www.showmenews.com/2004/jun/20040609Busi008.asp
Julie Klaas Pangman. Guide to Environmental Issues.(Apr, 22, 1995). Office of Solid Waste and Emergence Response.
Russell E. Train. (1974 Jan). Cement manufacturing. U.S. environmental protection agency.
Shipley, S. (2004. June 9). Cement plant gets air permit. St. Louis Post Dispatch. P-A01. Retrieved. Aug. 25, 2004 from LexisNexis
State issues draft clean-air permit to cement plant. (2004, Jan 25). Columbia Daily Tribune. Retrieved Aug-30, 2004 from http://www.shoemenews.com/2004/jan/20040125NEWS069.asp